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Bayram
Bayram is the word used for nationwide festivals in Turkey, according to religious or national celebrations. During Bayrams in Turkey, all family members wake up early, parents get new clothes for their children, they completely clean their houses before Bayrams, young people visit their elders, mostly baklava, chocolates, Turkish coffee and cold beverages are offered to visitors, if they cannot visit their friends and family members in other towns, make phone calls or send cards celebrating the festival, elders give pocket money to the children for their visit. Mostly one day prior to the festivals people visit the graves of deceased family members.

Kissing hands is a tradition in Turkey to show respect for elders in that way.
Sugar Bayram or Ramadan Bayram: It is celebrated by Muslims at the end of Ramadan, the fasting month for Muslims. It is a national religious holiday in Turkey which takes 3 and half days.

Sacrifice Bayram: During Sacrifice Bayram, thousands of sheep, goats, and calves is sacrificed by Turks celebrating Bayram. If you visit Muslim countries during this festival you can see sheep sacrificed in many places such as gardens, backyards etc. The meat is divided into three portions; one is given to the poor people, one to neighbors and relatives, and the third is kept for the household.
The tradition of animal sacrificing is a commemoration coming from the story of Abraham (Ibrahim). Abraham was about to sacrifice his son to show his obedience to God when God commanded him to sacrifice a ram instead of a human being.

Independence Bayram: Every year on 30 August 1923, Turks celebrate the Independence Day to commemorate the day 30 August 1923, with the leadership of Ataturk; Turks won the battle of Dumlupinar, the final battle in the Turkish Independence War.


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